Luca talks about his own experience with an embedded Linux system based on the very cheap Nuvoton N32926 (ARM926EJ-S@240MHz + H.264 + 64MB DDR2 on-package). It comes with a Linux BSP, but it sucks.
cozy.io is a French start-up doing personal cloud solutions.
There are currently two important trends in ICT: smartphones and SaaS. Both enable massive data collection: smartphones for data and sync, SaaS to centralize processing and for ads. However, there is no cloud, it’s just someone else’s computer. SaaS centralizes data without freedom for user and without free software (because the user has no control over it, it’s not free). Data centralisation makes mass surveillance economically possible.
IoT means a different thing to different people, but it’s about connecting devices. Benedict is a bit doubtful about the current IoT devices, e.g. the Amazon device where you press a button to restock your washing powder. IoT really should change our lives. For example, devices that you parachute into a collapsed building to find where it is safe. Or keeping track of pollution in a city. But for those devices, it has to be easy to get online – connecting to Wifi isn’t easy enough. It really should be: turn it on and it is connected. For that, you need a long-range network.
An Ethernet switch forwards Ethernet frames. It uses a forwarding database (FDB) to decide to which port(s) a frame has to be sent, based on the MAC address. There are timers to make sure the FDB stays up to date. Then came VLANs to isolate virtual networks from each other, and to assign priorities.
The kernel has been able to emulate a switch for a long time with a bridge. But everything is done by the CPU, so it’s not very efficient. Hardware switches have specialised memory for fast FDB lookup and high-bandwidth forwarding paths.
This talk is the result of research done by Mozilla on what motivates contributors.
When building for embedded systems, you don’t want to create and maintain yet another distro (yocto, buildroot), but rely on the maintainers of an existing one, e.g. Debian.
DRM = Direct Rendering Manager = framework for display related drivers. Samsung wants to extend it with support for some picture processing steps.